A top is a toy designed to be spun rapidly on the ground, the motion of which causes it to remain precisely balanced on its tip because of inertia. Such toys have existed since antiquity. Traditionally tops were constructed of wood, sometimes with an iron tip, and would be set in motion by aid of a string or rope coiled around its axis which, when pulled quickly, caused a rapid unwinding that would set the top in motion. Today they are often built of plastic, and modern materials and manufacturing processes allow tops to be constructed with such precise balance that they can be set in motion by a simple twist of the fingers and twirl of the wrist without need for string or rope.
The motion of a top is produced in the most simple forms by twirling the stem using the fingers. More sophisticated tops are spun by holding the axis firmly while pulling a string or twisting a stick or pushing an auger. In the kinds with an auger, an internal weight rotates, producing an overall circular motion. Some tops can be thrown, while firmly grasping a string that had been tightly wound around the stem, and the centrifugal force generated by the unwinding motion of the string will set them spinning upon touching ground.
For finite-dimensional k-algebras (k a field), if rad(M) denotes the intersection of all proper maximal submodules of M (the radical of the module), then the top of M is M/rad(M). In the case of local rings with maximal ideal P, the top of M is M/PM. In general if R is a semilocal ring (=semi-artinian ring), that is, if R/Rad(R) is an Artinian ring, where Rad(R) is the Jacobson radical of R, then M/rad(M) is a semisimple module and is the top of M. This includes the cases of local rings and finite dimensional algebras over fields.
A top is clothing that covers at least the chest, but which usually covers most of the upper human body between the neck and the waistline. The bottom of tops can be as short as mid-torso, or as long as mid-thigh. Men's tops are generally paired with pants, and women's with pants or skirts. Common types of tops are t-shirts, blouses and shirts.
The neckline is the highest line of the top, and may be as high as a head-covering hood, or as low as the waistline or bottom hem of the top. A top may be worn loose or tight around the bust or waist, and may have sleeves or shoulder straps, spaghetti straps (noodle straps), or may be strapless. The back may be covered or bare. Tops may have straps around the waist or neck, or over the shoulders.
The revelations come just days after the final report in the government-backed Hampton-Alexander review into female representation in business showed that women now hold more than a third of roles in the boardrooms of Britain’s top 350 companies.
Top Journal Star photos for February ... Top Journal Star photos for February ... Top Journal Star photos for February ... Top Journal Star photos for February ... Top Journal Star photos for February ... Top Journal Star photos for February ... Top Journal Star photos for February ... Top Journal Star photos for February ... Top Journal Star photos for February.
Combined photo shows a tsunami-hit area (top) in Otsuchi, IwatePrefecture, on March 27, 2011, about two weeks after the earthquake-triggered disaster in northeastern Japan, and the same area (bottom) pictured on Feb ... Supplied photo shows the fourth floor of the building housing the No.
Top NewsRight Now...Next round of vaccination begins today, slots can be booked onlineTargeted vaccination tops Centre’s push in states showing a surgeCentre specifies comorbidities for vaccine eligibility, cap on charge at Rs 250 per dose.
Netflix The thriller series "BehindHer Eyes" was Netflix's most popular TV show this week ... Every week, the streaming search engine Reelgood compiles for Insider a list of which TV shows have been most prominent on Netflix's daily top 10 lists of its most popular titles that week. Below are Netflix's 9 most popular TV shows of the week in the US.
Over the Top ... It’s time for another season of Big Brother Over The Top ... Over the Top 2. For newer fans to the world of Big Brother, Over the Top was a spin-off that CBS tried in fall 2016 ... Some fans didn’t enjoy it, but the majority of people who tuned in loved watching the show play out with a new format ... Over the Top work? ... Over the Top.
ListenLive to VSiN’s sports betting shows ... Listen Live to VSiN’s sports betting shows ... “Top Ten Tony” often contends but rarely wins. Since his lone PGA Tour win at the Puerto Rico Open in 2016, Finau has been a top-10 finisher 37 times, including 10 runner-up finishes worldwide ... Each recorded top-10 finishes at Riviera.
... live show after the series took a break ... She flashed her taut abs in a tiny crop-top as she spun around on her skates in the last of the day's sunshine. Vanessa paired her white long-sleeved top with leopard print leggings, showing off her moves on a pair of cream and gold skates.
Santa Cruz-based Steeped took top honors at this year’s virtual trade show featuring more than 550 providers of fresh, specialty, natural, and organic products ... The annual KeHE SummerShow is a hub for innovation, connection and discovery and is recognized as one of the top 25 fastest-growing shows by Trade Show NewsNetwork.
White showed why she is still the No 1 striker with a clinical hat-trick and Jordan Nobbs looked back to her best after injury ...England'sEllen White (left) showed why she is still the No 1 striker with a clinical hat-trick ... While top-flight Scottish players are still waiting to a date to be set for the league return.